Roulette originates from France in the 17th century.
The man behind the game is called Blaise Pascal, he
was a mathematician and I've heard a rumor that he
committed suicide when he couldn't come up with a
system to beat the roulette game. I cannot say
whether or not this is true as I cannot find
Roulette was originally a fair game without a house
edge until 1842 when two very nice Frenchman added a
zero to give the house an edge.
Roulette then found it's way across the ocean to
America where they then added the second zero to
further increase the house edge.
It was in the mid 1800's when roulette started to
become very popular, it was played in casinos such
as the Casino Monte Carlo (which is still the holy
grail of casinos today).
Roulette started to become less popular around the
1900's when people started to play craps due to the
lower house edge and blackjack because it can be
beaten with card counting.
Despite this roulette remains one of the most
popular casino games and it's probably the most
popular online casino game.
The double zero roulette wheel still lives on today
in America, however it never really caught on in
Europe where they still use the single zero wheel
and some casinos use the French variation of the
Read more about it at
roulette house edge page.